Mastitis, a common condition among breastfeeding women, is associated with decreased breastfeeding rate. This review article analyzed current evidence on the inflammatory effects of probiotics on preventing and treating mastitis.
A cross-sectional analysis of 184 countries revealed that deficiency of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (e.g. EPA, DHA) may be a contributing factor in preterm birth. Rate of preterm birth declined linearly with increasing omega-3 intake, up to ~600 mg daily.
This summary overviewed the energy intake requirements specific to the balance between energy expenditure and energy deposition throughout different stages in pregnancy. It also discussed models to estimate energy intake requirement with accuracy, strength, and limitations.
With insulin being the only therapeutic option to manage gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), this article reviewed the existing evidence to clarify the effect of inositol- and antioxidant-based supplement administration during pregnancy affected by insulin resistance and/or diabetes.
This study was to examine the effect of probiotics on the gut microbiota and immune response. The gut microbiota varied during the third trimester of pregnancy and structure of gut microbiota remained stable after probiotic supplementation.