Vitamin D’s role in human physiology has been redefined in recent years. Apart from calcium homeostasis and bone health, it was revealed that immune functions can be modulated through vitamin D. It also plays a vital role in fertility, embryo implantation as well as maintenance of pregnancy.
Involving 1,249 Canadian mother-baby pairs, the Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development Study (CHILD) Cohort Study evaluates the association of multiple breastmilk feeding practices, milk bacteria and milk components with neonatal microbiota composition.
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control anticipated prenatal COVID-19 infection to affect fetal development like other common respiratory coronaviruses do. While the role of nutrition is obscure, this new article proposed the potential role of choline on coronavirus infection during pregnancy.
Mastitis, a common condition among breastfeeding women, is associated with decreased breastfeeding rate. This review article analyzed current evidence on the inflammatory effects of probiotics on preventing and treating mastitis.
A cross-sectional analysis of 184 countries revealed that deficiency of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (e.g. EPA, DHA) may be a contributing factor in preterm birth. Rate of preterm birth declined linearly with increasing omega-3 intake, up to ~600 mg daily.