Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) and bovine milk derived oligosaccharides (MOS) are bioactive components in infant nutrition that have been clinically demonstrated to have favorable gut microbiome modulating effects as well as beneficial effects on gastrointestinal related immunity.
The Baby Connectome Project (BCP) and the BCP-Enriched studies investigate brain development trajectories in the first years of life and influencing factors such as nutrition, sleep and gut microbiota.
Social skills emerge in infancy and develop during childhood when social interactions grow exponentially. They mature alongside brain changes in areas that process social information, the social brain.
Executive functions (inhibition, working memory, cognitive flexibility) develop in children as an interplay of brain maturation, including myelination, and external environmental factors (e.g. nutrition, stimulation).