Science Updates

  • This study investigated the carbohydrate-dependent effects on the above selected commensals when fed with bovine milk oligosaccharides (BMOs) and/or lactose using mono- and co-cultures of three different bacterial species (Clostridium perfringens, Parabacteroides distasonis and Bifidobacterium lo

  • The U.S. Centers for Disease Control anticipated prenatal COVID-19 infection to affect fetal development like other common respiratory coronaviruses do. While the role of nutrition is obscure, this new article proposed the potential role of choline on coronavirus infection during pregnancy.

  • In this prospective study, a total of 464 human milk samples were collected from 116 Chinese mothers from Beijing, Xuchang and Suzhou at four different time points. In total, 76.7% mothers were found to be Secretor and Lewis positive phenotype (Se+Le+).

  • This study investigated the development of functional network connectivity during infancy and childhood, and how they may relate to the emergence and establishment of cognitive abilities.

  • Mastitis, a common condition among breastfeeding women, is associated with decreased breastfeeding rate. This review article analyzed current evidence on the inflammatory effects of probiotics on preventing and treating mastitis.

  • Following a previous report demonstrating the safety and tolerance of an infant formula containing two major types of HMOs (2’-fucosyllactose and lacto-N-neotetraose), the authors further assessed the impact of HMO-supplementation on infant fecal community type as well as its relationship with re

  • A cross-sectional analysis of 184 countries revealed that deficiency of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (e.g. EPA, DHA) may be a contributing factor in preterm birth. Rate of preterm birth declined linearly with increasing omega-3 intake, up to ~600 mg daily.

  • Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) is a new diagnosis which has been differentiated from the classical eating disorders in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders fifth edition (DSM-5).

  • The scientific sessions of the Post Graduate Program in Paediatric Nutrition (PGPN) provided a platform for a discussion of recent developments and pragmatic scientific insights on paediatric nutrition.

  • Special attention to type and amount of dietary carbohydrates is important in managing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) because of its impact on maternal glucose level.