Pediatric Health & Nutrition
[Literature Library] The CHILD Cohort Study: Co-occurrence of bacteria in breast milk and the infant gut
Involving 1,249 Canadian mother-baby pairs, the Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development Study (CHILD) Cohort Study evaluates the association of multiple breastmilk feeding practices, milk bacteria and milk components with neonatal microbiota composition. In the latest report, the study results revealed the co-occurrence of certain bacteria (e.g. Streptococcus spp.) in mother’s milk and infant’s stool, suggesting the potential transfer of bacteria from breastmilk to infant’s gastrointestinal system and hence influence microbiota development.
[Literature Library] Maternal probiotic use during breastfeeding and infant health
Maternal administration of Lactobacillus fermentum CECT5716 during breastfeeding has been proposed as an efficient strategy to help prevent lactational mastitis. A secondary study revealed that this probiotic intervention decreased the incidence of conjunctivitis in offspring and influenced the weight z-score of offspring accordingly to the quantity of Lactobacillus in the human milk microbiota. L. fermentum may also help protect against respiratory infections among offspring, but the influence would depend on the quantity of Staphylococcus in human milk and infant faeces.