Pediatric Health & Nutrition
[Literature library] The influence of FUT-2 and FUT-3 polymorphisms on acute respiratory infections
Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) are one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in young children. Data (n = 240) from the Microbiota and Health Study in Bangladesh was analyzed to investigate the relationship between FUT-2/3 determining secretor and Lewis status and ARI occurrence in breastfed infants. Maternal secretor and Lewis status are used as a proxy for human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) in human milk, as FUT-2/3 polymorphisms shape fucosylated HMOs composition.
[Literature library] Efficacy of myelin nutrient blend on developmental myelination
This recent study investigated the efficacy of a myelin nutrient blend of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), arachidonic acid (AA), iron, vitamin B12, folic acid, and sphingomyelin (SM) on developmental myelination in formula-fed term infants. 6-month results from this ongoing study were examined.
[Literature library] Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) mRNA-based vaccination and breastfeeding
This is the first study demonstrating the presence of anti-receptor-binding domain (RBD) antibodies in the faeces of breastfed newborns, whose mothers had received mRNA-based Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines before or during lactation.
[Local data] Serum 3-epi-25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration and its influencing factors
3-epi-25-hydroxyvitamin D [3-epi-25 (OH) D3], an isomeric form of 25(OH) D3, is also a biologically inactive metabolite which may lead to underestimation of hypovitaminosis D. A local study conducted by the Chinese University of Hong Kong reported levels of 3-epi-25 (OH) D3 in maternal and fetal circulation, as well as factors influencing their concentrations.