[Literature library] Risk factors for lactation mastitis in China

2 min read /
Obstetrics / Gynaecology Paediatrics Public health

Approximately 3% to 30% postpartum women suffer from lactation mastitis. The authors systematically summarized risk factors for lactation mastitis among Chinese populations in this meta-analysis.

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14 studies involving 8,032 subjects were analyzed and 18 potential risk factors in total were evaluated. Significant risk factors for lactation mastitis were:

  • Improper milking method
  • Repeated milk stasis
  • The first 6 months postpartum
  • Postpartum rest time < 3 months
  • Abnormal nipple or crater nipple
  • Breast trauma
  • Improper breastfeeding posture
  • Postpartum prone sleeping posture
  • Little or no nipple cleaning
  • Primipara
  • Low education level
  • Cesarean section
  • Breast massage experience of non-medical staff
  • Postpartum mood disorders

Link to the full article:


Lai BY et al. Risk factors for lactation mastitis in China: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One. 2021;16(5):e0251182.

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