Social skills emerge in infancy and develop during childhood when social interactions grow exponentially. They mature alongside brain changes in areas that process social information, the social brain.
The early building blocks of executive functions (EFs) —higher-order cognitive processes underlying goal-directed behavior—are acquired during infancy and undergo remarkable improvement throughout this period. Professor Cuevas will discuss the emergence and development of EFs during infancy, wit
Diet quality has been associated with cognition and academic achievement of pediatric populations, where dietary patterns with a low consumption of fish, fruits, and vegetables, and high in fast food, sausages, and soft drinks have been linked to poorer outcomes.
This manuscript provides preliminary findings from the first study ever conducted in term neurotypically developing children which connects dietary sphingomyelin (SM) intake from infant nutrition products to cognitive development and brain myelination.
Recently, more and more evidences have demonstrated a variety of glial functions such as synapse formation as well as the regulation of neurotransmission. In this review, the authors discussed how lipid metabolism of both cell types may communicate and impact neurotransmission as a result.
Uncertainties remain about the optimal nutritional regimen for preterm infants who are peculiarly vulnerable to altered brain structure and connectivity as well as subsequent neurocognitive impairment.