The rate of cesarean delivery has increased over the globe. This study investigated its impact on neurodevelopment. Results showed that cesarean delivery can influence offspring brain development including myelination and functional connectivity.
This review article summarized current findings on the influences of various factors on early development, for example, how maternal diet and weight affect fetal development. The potential impact of nutrient imbalance on brain structure and cognitive development was also discussed.
Iron is a critical metabolic cofactor for many key processes of brain development like myelination and neurotransmitter synthesis. This study estimated brain iron content in children aged 7 to 16 years and examine the relationship to cognitive functions.
A longitudinal birth cohort study revealed the interaction between infections and illness on cognitive development. Reducing frequency of illness, improving safety and healthfulness of child’s environment as well as improving dietary intake can help supporting cognitive development.