Scientific advances have enabled a better understanding of some of the unique components in human milk, termed ‘bioactives’, which are thought to protect against infection and inflammation, and contribute to immune maturation and healthy microbial colonisation.
Diet, environment and microbiota in infancy are factors that can support gut barrier function and immune development. Studies show that nutrition interventions, particularly breastfeeding and human milk oligosaccharides, may influence the development of a normal microbiome.
The early building blocks of executive functions (EFs) —higher-order cognitive processes underlying goal-directed behavior—are acquired during infancy and undergo remarkable improvement throughout this period. Professor Cuevas will discuss the emergence and development of EFs during infancy, wit