The ADA recently published a position paper on how to manage individuals living with diabetes in terms of nutrition interventions, stating that there is no standard meal plan that works universally for all people with diabetes. In general, diabetic patients are recommended to collaborate with their health care provider to develop an individualized eating plan.
ADA’s general position on nutrition interventions for individuals with diabetes:
• Eating pattern with potential benefit:
|Type of eating pattern||Brief description||Benefit|
risk factors (lipids, blood
pressure, triglycerides) in individuals with diabetes.
• Recommended foods or nutrients intakes
|Foods / Nutrients||Recommendations|
|Dietary fiber||- 25 g/day for adult women
- 38 g/day for adult men
|Whole grains||Consume at least half of all grains as whole grains|
|Fish||Consume at least 2 servings per week|
|Omega-3 fatty acids||Increase consumption of foods containing long-chain omega-3 fatty acids (EPA and DHA) and omega-3 linolenic acid|
|Saturated fat, dietary cholesterol, and trans fat||- Reducing saturated fatty acids to < 10% of calories
- < 300 mg of cholesterol/day
- Limiting trans fat as much as possible
|Sodium||- Less than 2,300 mg/day|
Evert AB, Boucher JL, Cypress M, Dunbar SA, Franz MJ, Mayer-Davis EJ, Neumiller JJ, Nwankwo R, Verdi CL, Urbanski P, Yancy WS Jr. Nutrition therapy recommendations for the management of adults with diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2013 Nov;36(11):3821-42. doi: 10.2337/dc13-2042. Epub 2013 Oct 9.