The complex interactions between the diet, gut microbiome, and host characteristics that provide a functional benefit to the host are an area of great interest and current exploration in the nutrition and health science community.
Link to Publication: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/07315724.2016.1257961
Wallace TC, et al. New frontiers in fibers: Innovative and emerging research on the gut microbiome and bone health. J Am Coll Nutr. 2017; doi:10.1080/07315724.2016.1257961.