Maternal milk consumption and offspring’s growth

Thursday, Feb 01, 2018

Reference:

Hrolfsdottir L, Rytter D, Hammer Bech B, Brink Henriksen T, Danielsen I, Steingrimsdottir L, Olsen SF, Halldorsson TI. Maternal milk consumption, birth size and adult height of offspring: a prospective cohort study with 20 years of follow-up. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2013 Sep 4. doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2013.151. [Epub ahead of print]. Link to PubMed

  • Background:
    Previous studies have suggested the effect of milk consumption during pregnancy on offspring’s growth in utero, while the effect tracks into later life remains unclear.
     
  • Method:
    • A prospective cohort study of 809 pregnant women in Denmark.
    • Assessment of milk consumption at gestational week 30.
    • Measurement of birth weight and birth length, with offspring’s height- and growth-related biomarkers at ~20 years of age.
       
  • Key Findings:
    • As compared with maternal milk consumption of < 150 ml/day, consumption of ≥ 150 ml/day was associated with:

- 0.32 higher z-scores for birth weight and 0.34 higher z-scores for birth length.

- 0.19 higher z-scores for height at ~20 years of age (P = 0.16).

- ~8% higher levels of insulin-like growth factor I and ~14% higher insulin levels (P-values = 0.12 and 0.11 respectively).

  • Conclusion:
    Maternal milk consumption may have a growth-promoting influence on weight and length at birth, and the effect may track into early adult age.
     

Additional reading – Benefits of dairy consumption to females:
Link to dairy consumption on body composition and physical function in older women

 

WYE-EM-008-JAN-14


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