Dairy intake on body composition and physical function in older women

Thursday, Feb 01, 2018


Radavelli-Bagatini S, Zhu K, Lewis JR, Dhaliwal SS, Prince RL. Association of Dairy Intake with Body Composition and Physical Function in Older Community-Dwelling Women. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2013 Jul 19. doi:pii: S2212-2672(13)00645-X. 10.1016/j.jand.2013.05.019. [Epub ahead of print].  Link to PubMed

  • Background:
    Dairy product was known to play an important role in muscle health, but its role in older women with comprehensive assessments of body composition and physical function has not been evaluated.
  • Method:
    • 1,456 older women aged 70 to 85 years were assessed for dairy consumption (milk, yogurt and cheese).
    • Assessments of anthropometric and body composition, physical function, and self-reported falls in the previous 3 months.
  • Key Findings:
    • As compared with dairy intake of ≤ 1.5 servings/day, consumption of ≥ 2.2 servings/day was associated with:

    - Significantly greater whole body lean mass and appendicular skeletal muscle mass (P-values = 0.001 and 0.002 respectively).

    - Better physical performance in terms of hand-grip strength and Timed Up and Go tests (P-values = 0.02 and 0.04 respectively).

    • No significant difference in terms of the prevalence of falls in the previous 3 months was shown.


  • Conclusion:
    Higher dairy intake was associated with greater whole body lean mass and better physical performance in older women.

Additional reading – benefits of milk consumption to females:
Link to milk consumption during pregnancy on offspring's growth in later life



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