Summary of ESPGHAN’s Position Paper on Vitamin D in Pediatric Nutrition

Thursday, Feb 01, 2018

ESPGHAN's Position Paper on Vitamin D in Pediatric Nutrition


Braegger C, Campoy C, Colomb V, Decsi T, Domellof M, Fewtrell M, Hojsak I, Mihatsch W, Molgaard C, Shamir R, Turck D, van Goudoever J; ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition. Vitamin D in the Healthy Paediatric Population: A Position Paper by the ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2013 Mar 6. [Epub ahead of print]. Link to PubMed


The ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition published a position paper on vitamin D in the healthy pediatric population. Published data on vitamin D in the European pediatric population were searched and summarized up to Nov 2012.

Main points of summarized data:

  • Identification of vitamin D status for pediatric population through the use of definitions:
    • Vitamin D sufficiency – serum 25(OH)D concentration > 50 nmol/L.
    • Vitamin D severe deficiency – serum 25(OH)D concentration < 25 nmol/L.
  • Data on vitamin D intake and prevalence of vitamin D deficiency:
    • Data on vitamin D intake and deficiency among European pediatric population are limited.
    • In Germany, 80% of children aged 1 to 12 years do not reach their country's recommended nutritional vitamin D supply of 200 IU/day.
  • Health effects of vitamin D in infants, children and adolescents:
    • Evidence to support or refute routine supplementation of vitamin D beyond infancy (birth to 12 months of age) is insufficient.
    • No relevant evidence for a beneficial effect of vitamin D supplementation on muscle function could be identified.
    • Current data is not sufficient to support a relationship between vitamin D and prevention of infectious or allergic diseases.



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